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Posted 04 January 2011 - 04:26 AM (#1)

Umar Marvi (1956) VCD_Indian Cinema_The Golden Years_First Sindhi in Pakistan [DDR]


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Umar Marvi (1956) VCD_Indian Cinema_The Golden Years_First Sindhi in Pakistan [DDR]


Cast:
Charlie
Fazlani
Nighat Sultana
Biboo
Sarfaraz
Garib Shah

Director: Shaikh Hasan
Producer: Syed Husainali, Shah Fazlani
Music Director: Rashid Lashari
Language: Sindhi

Umar Marvi is a Sindh love story that appears in Shah Jo Risalo. It is a love story set in Sindh, Pakistan. It has become part of the cultural identity of Pakistan, as have stories like Sassi Punnun, Heer Ranjha, and Sohni Mahiwal.

MOVIE REVIEW:-
Marvi was a Sindhi heroine famous for her chastity, patriotism, and simplicity. Phog, an orphan boy, lived with Marvi's family. As children, Marvi and Phog played together. Attracted by Marvi's beauty, he wanted to marry her, but Marvi had always treated him like a brother. She told him not to expect anything beyond that. Rebuffed, Phog sulked and withdrew. Marvi found her ideal in Khet, a cousin who lived in a neighbouring village. He was handsome and brave, and he was deeply in love with Marvi. She lived in a village called Malir in Tharparkar desert. She was a beautiful village girl and was engaged to her cousin Khet. One day while she was filling water in her pots from a well (now called "Marvi's Well" Marvi jo khooh) to provide water for her goats, was seen by Prince Umar Soomro. Umar was immediately dazzled by her beauty. Umar proposed to marry her and tried to win her over with jewels and gifts, but Marvi refused, as she was deeply devoted to her cousin. Angered by her refusals, Umar abducted her and imprisoned her his palace in Umerkot for a whole year, but she remained faithful and longed for her native terrain. Finally, Umar was deeply touched by her dedication and piety and set Marvi free.

In those days Sindh was ruled by Umar Soomro, whose capital was Umarkot, now in Pakistan. He was known for his justice. He had only one weakness: he loved beautiful women. His palace was full of beautiful damsels from all parts of Sindh. Phog left Malir and went to Umarkot to seek his fortune. He managed to secure employment under Umar. He soon won Umar's confidence and was put to work managing matters relating to women. One day he told Umar about the most beautiful woman in Sindh. Curious, the Umar asked, "Who is she?" Phog replied, "Her name is Marvi."

Umar Marvi was recreated in Pakistan in the form of a television series recreating the story of Marvi in a more modern setting, where Marvi is depicted as a Sindhi village girl who is educated and wants to go to the city for further education. Marvi's best friend, with whom she dorms in the city, has a brother named Umar who falls in love with her and proposes to her. Upon Marvi's refusal to marry him he consults his friend, a rich land owner in Marvi's village. The two devise a plan to abduct Marvi and keep her at Umar Sommro's mansion. Marvi somehow manages to escape from Umar Summro's, but upon her return, the villagers demand where she has been and question her chastity. Marvi's friend, who is aware of her brother's acts, consults a journalist and a lawyer to have her brother arrested for kidnapping. During the trial, Marvi has to face all kinds of questions about her piety and chastity, but finally Umar stands up in the courtroom and admits he is guilty and that Marvi is indeed a woman of great character.
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PROFILE:- Pakistan Film Industry - The Early Years
Lollywood refers to the Pakistani film industry based in the city of Lahore. The name is a portmanteau of the city's initial with Hollywood. The word "Lollywood" was first coined in the summer of 1989 in the now defunct magazine "Glamour" published from Karachi by a gossip columnist Saleem Nasir. Sameena Jaffry was the editor and Iqbal Munir was the publisher of the magazine. Saleem Nasir intended this as a joke to emulate Bollywood. The word Lollywood was then picked up by Urooj Samdani, a film journalist, who wrote an article about the Pakistani film industry in Women's Own Magazine.

The film industry in Lahore started in 1929 with the opening of the United Players' Studios on Ravi Road. The cornerstone for the studio was set by Abdur Rashid Kardar. Since then the studio has managed various indigenous productions competing with other film production centres in the undivided India, namely Bombay and Calcutta.

After the partition of India, Lahore was the only film production centre in the newly-found Pakistan and in its infancy released the first film on 7 August 1948 title Teri Yaad. Since then, film production centres have been opened in the cities of Karachi and Peshawar.

During the 1930s the movies made in Lahore were under the influence of Hollywood movies, not just in the stories or action or drama but the acting, the makeup and the costumes as well. The heroes would appear like Douglas Fairbanks or Errol Flynn. The reason for this is noted to be the fact that Lahore tried to establish its own identity separate from that of the Bombay-based film industry at that time. In this respect Kardaar and M. Ismael started a studio by the name of United People’s on Ravi Road, Lahore. Actors that worked for the studios were Heera Laal, Gul Hameed, Nazeer and Ahmed Dean and the actresses were Kaushalya Devi, Gulzaar, Mumtaaz. From the studios papers in 1929 were received different film projects that were planned out and surprisingly most had English Titles like; Sweet Heart, The Prisoner, Masked Rider, The Golden Dagger, Passion Flower, The Sacred Flame, House Boat, Golden Temple, The Award, Paradise. There were also others with Urdu Titles such as Lala Rukh, Kafir (Infidel), Khawaja Sira and Firdaus. But not all projects were ever completed as not only silent movies were on the brink of extinction but also a very Competitive Bombay film industry and Calcutta film industry were already involved in making of many sound movies and ultimately Bombay won, when it released its first sound movie in 1931 called Alam Ara. In Lahore the pioneer of making Sound Movies was Hakeem Ram Parsaad making Heer Raanjha starring M. Ismael, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Nazeer and actress Anwari. This was to be the last movie directed by Kardaar in Lahore. From here on he moved to Calcutta and later Bombay.
The 1950s

On 8th of August 1948 the first Pakistani movie called Teri Yaad premiered at Parbhat, Lahore. It starred Asha Posley, and Nasir Khan, who was Dilip Kumar's brother. The music was written and directed by Nath and the film was produced by Dewan Sardari Lal, and directed by Daud Chand.

On April 7 1950, a film called Do Ansoo was the first Pakistani Urdu film to celebrate Silver Jubilee (25 weeks) of the Pakistani film industry. It starred Santosh Kumar, Ajmal, Alaudin while the new-comer actress was Sabiha Khanum who had appeared in a couple of other movies over the previous few months in the industry. The music was by Mubarak, produced by Sheikh Lateef for Naubahar Films, and directed by Anwar Kamal.

On April 29 1951, another break through film called Chanwey made headlines as it was the first Pakistani film to be directed by a woman, Madam Noor Jehan. It starred her along with Santosh Kumar, Jahangir, Ghulam Muhammad. The music was by Feroz Nizami (his second undertaking), produced by her husband Shaukat Hussain Rizvi for their own Shahnoor Films, and script was written by Imtiaz Ali Taj.

On June 3, 1954, an Urdu film called Sassi was released that became the first Pakistani film to run for over Golden Jubilee (50 weeks) in the industry. It starred Sabiha Khanum, Sudhir, Asha Posley, Nazar, Saleem Raza (not to be confused with the singer of the same name). The music was by Chishti, the film was produced by J. C. Anand for Ever Ready Productions, and directed by Daud Chand.

On March 12 1956, was another ground breaking event for the Pakistani film Industry as the film, Umar Marvi, released by Fazlani Films, was the first movie in Sindhi language (Native Language of the Sindh province of Pakistan). It starred Nighat Sultana, Fazlani and Charlie. The music was by Ghulam Nabi Lateef, produced by Fazlani, and directed by Shaikh Hasan.

On July 17, 1958, Film journalist Ilyas Rasheedi launched the first of an annual event called the Nigar Awards for outstanding performance in various categories of film making. The event was showcased to give awards to recognised achievements by all that worked in the industry.

Jago Hua Savera released during May 25 1959, recieved a cold response at box office in spite of script and lyrics from popular poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz, a great surprise since the literacy read by the public is greatly respected. It was a bad response to a film with literary claims. Jago Hua Sawera music was written by Timer Burnn, produced by Noman Tasees for Century Films, and directed by A. J. Kardar.
The 1960s

During the 1960s, director Munshi Dil and Producer Agha G. A. Gull's Urdu Film "Azra" was the first film that introduced colour films with colour songs at the cinema. All the songs of the film were a hit which were written by (Jan-e-Baharan) Neelo, Ijaz, Laila, M.Asmail and Naeem Hashmi.

Also, Director Dacca made Sangam which was the first Pakistani full length feature color film released on April 23, 1964. It starred Rozi, Haroon, Samita, and Khalil. Some say film Mala was the first Pakistani color cinemascope film. Santosh Kumar and Sabiha Khanum star in Naila, one of the first color movies from West Pakistan. The music was made by Ataur Rahman, produced and directed by Zaheer Rehan for Sunnay Circle presentation.

On May 26 1961, Kay Productions released a film titled Bombay Wallah, the only Pakistani film to have an Indian city name in its title. It was quite a surprise as it went through the Censors and the name was not objected to. For this the censors were credited for being reasonable.

During 1962, a film on the Palestine issue was made by the name of Shaheed which was an instant hit starring Talish. During this same period in 1963, Mussarat Nazeer a popular actress shocked the film industry and broke countless hearts by emigrating to Canada after marrying a doctor at the height of her career. Her last film Bahadur was left unfinished, but during this time, Syed Kamal's debut as an actor in the film Tauba becomes an instant success.

In September 1965, following the war between India and Pakistan, all Indian films were taken off the screen from cinemas in Pakistan and a complete ban on films from India was imposed, which still exists today but films are still played on Television stations and can be bought on DVD, VCD and VHS widely anywhere in Pakistan.

During the 60s saw the inrotiduction of Waheed Murad, that joined the Pakistani film industry and launched his cinema career with a bang and becames the Marlon Brando and Elvis Presley of Pakistan. In 1966 the movie Armaan was released and became a super hit and one of the most memorable movies of the Pakistan film industry to date. It was also the first Pakistani movie to complete 75 weeks (Platinum Jubilee) in the cinemas.

Actor Nadeem (real name Nazeer Beg), received an instant success with his debut film Chakori in 1967 his looks and mannerism of Dilip Kumar to his credit with charisma of his own allowed him to secure a prosperous career. His colleagues testify to a level of professional seriousness that is rare in the film industry.

In 1967, Habib conceives to make the first Pakistani horror film, Zinda Laash which receives great reviews and became a big hit in the industry[1]. It also is the first X-rated film in Pakistan. Staring: Nadeem, Shabnam, Rehan Qavi.

Eastern Films Magazine edited by Said Haroon, became the most popular magazine for film buffs in Pakistan. Its peak coincided with the golden age of Karachi cinema. Among the interviews, film reviews and gossip was a cheeky Q and A section, "Yours Impishly," modelled by the sub-editor Asif Noorani after I. S. Johar's page in India's Filmfair.

On January 3 1969, Neela Parbat the first adults only Pakistani film is released. It starred Mohammed Ali (actor), Husna, Shahnawaz (Senior), Komal, Talish and Kamal Irani. It was produced and directed by Ahmad Basheer for Film Utopia, the music was written by Piya Rang Qadir.

In October 1969, writer, producer, director Riaz Shahid offered the distribution rights of Zarqa (released October 17) in the Middle East to the Palestinian guerrilla organisation, Al Fatah, whose activities are also depicted in the film. The movie also features a sequence where the actress Neelo is forced to dance against her will, apparently based on the real life incident which took place on Feb 12, 1965. The song that goes with this dance is Habib Jalib’s famous poem ‘Neelo’, inspired by that incident:
"Raqs zanjeer pehen ker bhi kiya jata hai… ." [Transliteration: "One can also be made to dance in shackles"]


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Do You Know?
First Pakistani Film
“Teri Yaad” (Urdu) was filmed in Lahore and released on 7 August 1948. However director Luqman always claimed his film “Shahida” (18 March 1949) being the first Pakistani film as he started shooting it first.

First Film
in Punjabi language: “Pheray” – Lahore - 3 August 1949
in Karachi: “Hamari Zaban” (Urdu) - Eastern Studios - 10 June 1955.
in Urdu language in Dacca: “Jago Huwa Sawera” - 25 May 1959.
in Sindhi language: “Umar Marvi” – Karachi - 12 March 1956.
in Pashto language: “Yousuf Khan Sher Bano” – Karachi - 1 December 1970.
in Gujrati language: “Maa Te Maa” – Karachi - 1 December 1970.
in English language: “Beyond the Last Mountain” – Karachi - 17 December 1976.

Color/Cine-Scope Films
First Color film “Sangam” - Dacca - 23 April 1964.
First cinema scope film “Bahana” – Dacca - 16 April 1965.
First color - cinema scope film “Mala” – Dacca - 3 December 1965.
First color film “Naila” – Lahore - 29 December 1965.
Initially one song of film Gulbadan (1960) was filmed in color. Films “Gul Baqawli” (1961) and “Azra” (1962) had all songs filmed in color. The “Melad Sharif” in Film “Eid Mubarak” (July 1965) was also filmed in color.

Film Show in Iran
During his visit to Iran, Pakistani President Iskandar Mirza took film “Intezar” (1956) with him and showed it to the King of Iran. This film was honored with President’s Award.

Naashad’s films in India
Composer Naashad’s first film in Pakistan was “Maikhana” (1964) but in India he had composed music for many famous films such as “Naghma”, Zindagi Ya Toofan” and “Bara Dari”.

Famous Lori
The original playback singer of famous “lori” (raj dulari) of film Naukar (1955) was Munawwar Sultana but for radio it was released in the voice of “Kausar Parveen”.

Fight with a Lion
Actor Sudhir had a fight with a real lion in his production film “Sahil” (1960).

Playback by the Indian singers
-Talat Mehmood sang three songs for film “Charagh Jalata Raha” (1962) recorded in Karachi.
-Hemant Kumar and Sundhia Mukarjee sang for film “Hamsafar” (1960) which was recorded in Calcutta (Kolkata).
-C. H. Aatma also sang a song for film “Preetan Aan Milo” which remained incomplete.
-Mubarak Begum sang for films “Bara Aadmi” (1957) and “Raaz” (1959).
-An Indian student of Karachi University “Naazish (Nazli)” sang her first song with the name of “Nishi Kumari” in film “Bara Baje” (1961).

No Charge Acting/Singing
Actress Deeba charged only one Pakistani Rupee being Heroine in film “Milan” (1964). This was produced by actor-director Rehman after loosing his leg in a road accident during shooting of a film. Similarly Madam Noor Jahan also sang freely for the film.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS:-
Video Codec: MPEG-1
Video Bitrate: 1119 kbps
Video Resolution: 352x288
Video Aspect Ratio: 1.333:1
Frames Per Second: 25.000
Audio Codec: MPEG-1 Layer 2
Audio Bitrate: 224kb/s CBR 44100 Hz
Audio Streams: 2
Audio Languages: Sindhi
RunTime: 01:52:08
Subtitles: NONE
Ripped by: Trinidad [DDR]
Duration: 01:52:08
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